Restaurant Development & Design

September-October 2017

restaurant development + design is a user-driven resource for restaurant professionals charged with building new locations and remodeling existing units.

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2 2 • r e s t a u r a n t d e v e l o p m e n t + d e s i g n • S E P T E M B E R / O C T O B E R 2 0 1 7 Consultant's Take RALPH GOLDBECK, AIA Director/Owner, Kitchens To Go built by Carlin Are You Prepared? U nfortunately, today's world is not a safe place. From the threat of domestic and interna- tional terrorism and workplace shootings to natural disasters such as hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes and floods, there are outside threats to your restaurant. However, there are steps you can take to prepare during development and design as well as those that can be implemented once an operation is up and running. Key Elements During Design A safe and secure environment is the goal of every business owner; there- fore, a collaborative approach to the restaurant design process is required, starting at the conceptual phase of the project and continuing throughout the design and construction process. It is necessary for all persons respon- sible for the safety and security of the building components to interact closely throughout the entire process. This means that all parties involved in issues pertaining to safety and security understand the issues and concerns. Building designers must consider human behavior in the design and safety systems of a building. Key areas include the fire alarm system; the sprinkler system; interior finishes, carpeting and furniture; and exits. Fire Alarm System People don't always heed fire alarms. Understandably, they often assume that the sound of a fire or smoke alarm does not indicate an actual fire since accidental or malicious false alarms, as well as mechanical malfunctions, are common. The key is to minimize the number of false alarms and distinguish the actual fire alarm signal from other alarm signals used in the building so occupants recognize it. Consider the use of an alarm that includes an alert tone, a flashing beacon and a voice message that instructs occupants on what actions to take next. Sprinkler System Each sprinkler system is designed and installed according to recognized standards. Follow code so sprinklers respond to a fire earlier, and design to concentrate the water where it is needed in order to reduce cleanup time and recovery costs. Interior Finishes, Carpeting and Furniture All interior finishes, carpeting and furniture should be nonflammable and meet National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) standards. Interior finishes and carpeting can contribute to fire growth and fire spread. Exits There are at least three features of building exits that are important from a human behavior standpoint: 1. Whether the exits available have sufficient capacity to accommodate the number of persons occupying the building 2. Whether exits are designed and maintained to function as safe egress routes in a fire 3. Whether exits are located and marked for easy identification by occupants A major concern of building designers is the need to evacuate people quickly and efficiently in the event of a fire or other emergency.

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